Chang,R.Y.-W., C. Leck, M. Graus, M. Müller, J. Paatero, L.H. Orr,J. Burkhart, K. Hayden, S.-M. Li, A. Hansel, M. Tjernström, W.R. Leaitch andJ.P.D. Abbatt, 2011, Aerosol composition andsources in the Central Arctic Ocean during ASCOS. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 11, 14837-14881,

Gao, Q., M. Araia,C. Leck, and Å. Emmer, 2010, Characterization of exopoly-saccharides in marinecolloids by capillary electrophoresis with indirect UV detection. Analytica Chimica Acta, 662, Iss. 2, doi:10.1016/j.aca.2010.01.008.

Gao, Q. , U. Nilsson, L. L.Ilag, and C. Leck,2011, Monosaccharide compositional analysis of marine polysaccharides byhydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Anal. Bioanal. Chem., DOI 10.1007/s00216-010-4638-z.

Held A., I. M. Brooks, C. Leck, and M. Tjernström, 2011, On the potential contribution of open lead particle emissions to the central Arctic aerosol concentration. Atmos.Chem. Phys., 11, 3093–3105.

Held, A., D.A., Orsini, P. Vaattovaara, M. Tjernström, and C. Leck, 2010, Near-surface profiles of aerosolnumber concentration and temperature over the Arctic Ocean. 

Karl, M., A. Gross, L. Pirjola, and C. Leck, 2011, A New FlexibleMulticomponent Model for the Study of Aerosol Dynamics in the Marine BoundaryLayer, Tellus B. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2011.00562.x.

Leck, C., and E.K. Bigg,2010, New particle formation of marine biological origin, Aerosol Science and Technology, 44, 570–577.

Martin, M., R. Y.-W. Chang, B. Sierau, S. Sjogren, E. Swietlicki, J. P. D. Abbatt, C. Leck, and U. Lohmann,, 2011, Cloud condensation nuclei closure study on summer arctic aerosol. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 11, 8801-8840.

Mauritsen, T., J.Sedlar, M. Tjernström, C. Leck , M.Martin, M. Shupe, S. Sjögren, B. Sierau, P.O.G. Persson, I.M. Brooks, E.Swietlicki, 2011, An Arctic CCN-limited cloud-aerosol regime. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 165-173, 2011.

Norris,S. J., I. M. Brooks, G. de Leeuw, A.Sirevaag, C. Leck, B. J. Brooks, C. E. Birch, and M. Tjernström, 2011, Measurements of bubble size spectra within leads in the Arctic summer pack ice. Ocean Sci., 7, 129–139. 

Orellana M.V., P.A. Matrai, C.Leck, C. D. Rauschenberg, A. M. Lee, and E. Coz 2011, Marine microgels: a sourceof CCN in the high Arctic, PNAS, In print.

Paatero, J., P. Vaattovaara, M. Vestenius, O. Meinander, U. Makkonen,R. Kivi, A. Hyvärinen, E. Asmi, M. Tjernström, and C. Leck, 2009, Finnish contribution to the Arctic Summer Cloud Ocean Study (ASCOS) expedition, Arctic Ocean 2008, Geophysica, 45(1–2), 119–146.

Sedlar,J., M. Tjernström, T. Mauritzen, M. Shupe, I. Brooks, P. Persson, C. Birch, C.Leck, A. Sirevaag, and M. Nicolaus, 2010, A transitioning Arctic surface energy budget: the impacts of solar zenith angle,surface albedo and cloud radiative forcing. Climate Dynamics,1-18. doi:10.1007/s00382-010-0937-5.

Sirevaag, A, S. de la Rosa,I. Fer, M. Nicolaus, M. Tjernström and M. G. McPhee, 2011,Mixing, heat fluxes and heat content evolution of the Arctic Ocean mixed layer, Ocean Sci., 7(3), 335-349,doi:10.5194/os-7-335-2011.


AOE-2001 (Arctic Ocean Expedition 2001)

Axelsson, P., M. Tjernström, G. Svensson and S. Söderberg, 2011: An ensamble of Arctic simulations from the AOE-2001 field experiment. Atmosphere, 2, 146-170; doi:10.3390/atmos2020146

Bigg,E.K., C. Leck and L. Tranvik, 2004. Particulates of the surface microlayer ofopen water in the central Arctic Ocean in summer, Marin Chemistry, 91,131-141.

Bigg, E.K., and C. Leck, 2008, The composition of fragments of bubblesbursting at the ocean surface, J.Geophys. Res., 113 (D1), 1209, doi:10.1029/2007JD009078.

Birch, C.E., I.M. Brooks, M. Tjernström, S.F. Milton, P. Earnshaw,S. Söderberg, and P.O.G. Persson, 2009, The performance of a global andmesoscale model over the central Arctic Ocean during the summer melt season, J.Geophys. Res., 114, D13104, doi:10.1029/2008JD010790.

Heintzenberg, J., C. Leck, W. Birmili, B. Wehnerand M. Tjernström, 2006. Aerosol number-size distributions during clear and fogperiods in the summer high Arctic: 1991, 1996 and 2001, Tellus 58B, 41-50.

Knulst, J.C., D. Rosenberger, B. Thompson, B. andJ. Paatero, 2003, Intensive sea-surface microlayer investigations of open leadsin the pack ice during Arctic Ocean 2001 expedition. Langmuir, 19,10194-10199.

Leck, C., M. Tjernström, P. Matrai, E. Swietlickiand E.K. Bigg, 2004. Can Marine Micro-organisms Influence Melting of the ArcticPack Ice?, Eos Vol. 85(3), 25-36.

Leck, C., and E.K. Bigg, 2005a, Biogenic particlesin the surface microlayer and overlaying atmosphere in the central Arctic Oceanduring summer, Tellus 57B, 305-316.

Leck, C., and E.K. Bigg, 2005b, Evolution of themarine aerosol – A new perspective. Geophys.,Res., Lett., 32, L19803. doi:10.1029/2005GL023651.

Leck, C. and K. Bigg, 2008, Comparison of sourcesand nature of the tropical aerosol with the summer high Arctic aerosol, Tellus, 60B (1), 118–126,doi:10.1111/j.1600-0889.2007.00315.x.

Leck, C. and K. Bigg, 2007, A modified aerosol–cloud–climate feedback hypothesis. Environmental Chemistry, 4,400–403,  doi:10.1071/EN07061.

Lundén J., G. Svensson and C. Leck, 2007, Influence of meteorological processes on the spatial andtemporal variability of atmospheric dimethyl sulfide in the high Arcticsummer., J.Geophys. Res.,. 112, D13308.

Lundén J., G. Svensson, A. Wisthaler, M.Tjernström, A. Hansel and C. Leck, 2010, TheVertical Distribution of Atmospheric DMS in the HighArctic Summer, Tellus B,Volume 62, 133–207.

Matrai, P.A., L. Tranvik, C. Leck , and J.C.Knulst, 2008, Are high Arctic surface microlayers apotential source of aerosol organic precursors, Marine Chemistry, 108(1), 109-122.

Olli, K., P. Wassmann, M. Reigstad, T. N.Ratkova, E. Arashkevich, A. Pasternak, P. A. Matrai, J. Knulst, L.Tranvik, R. Klais , and A. Jacobsen, 2007, The fate of production in thecentral Artic Ocean- top-downregulation by zooplankton expatriates? Results from a 3 week ice drift at 88°N, Progress in Oceanography 72(1), 84–113.

Sedlar, J., and M. Tjernström, 2009:Stratiform Cloud – Inversion Characterization During the Arctic Melt Season. Boundary-LayerMeteorology, 132, 455-474, DOI10.1007/s10546-009-9407-1.

Tjernström, M., C. Leck, P.O. Persson, M. Jensen,S. Oncley and A. Targino, 2004. The Summertime Arctic Atmosphere:Meteorological measurements during the Arctic Ocean Experiment 2001 (AOE-2001),Bulletin of the American MeteorologicalSociety, 85, 1305 -1321.

Tjernström, M., C. Leck, P.O. Persson, M. Jensen,S. Oncley and A. Targino, 2004. Experimental equipment: A supplement to The Summertime Arctic Atmosphere: Meteorological measurements during the ArcticOcean Experiment 2001 (AOE-2001), Bulletinof the American Meteorological Society, 85, 1322 -1322.

Tjernström, M., 2005, The summerArctic boundary layer during the Arctic Ocean Experiment 2001 (AOE-2001), Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 117, 5 - 36.

Tjernström, M., 2007, Is there adiurnal cycle in Arctic summer cloud-capped boundary layer?, Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 64, 3974–3990.

Tjernström, M. and T. Mauritsen,2009, Mesoscale variability in the summer Arctic boundary layer, Boundary-layer Meteorology, 130, 383–406, DOI 10.1007/s10546-009-9354

AOE-96 (Arctic Ocean Expedition 1996)

Bigg, E.K., and C. Leck, 2001, Properties of theaerosol over the central Arctic Ocean, J.Geophys. Res., 106 (D23), 32,101-32,109.

Bigg, E.K., and C. Leck, 2001, Cloud-activeparticles over the central Arctic Ocean, J.Geophys. Res., 106 (D23), 32,155-32,166.

Bigg, E.K., C. Leck, and E.D. Nilsson, 2001, SuddenChanges in Aerosol and Gas concentrations in the central Arctic Marine BoundaryLayer – Causes and Consequences, J.Geophys. Res., 106 (D23), 32,167-32,185.

Hillamo, R., V-M Kerminen, M.Aurela, T. Mäkelä, W. Maenhaut, and C. Leck, 2001, Modal structure of chemical masssize distributions in the high Arctic aerosol, J. Geophys. Res., 106 (D21),27,555-27,571.

Karl, M., A. Gross, C. Leck and L. Pirjola, 2007.Intercomparison of Dimethyl sulfide Oxidation Mechanisms for the MarineBoundary Layer: Gaseous and particulate sulfur constituents. J. Geophys. Res., 112 (D15), D15304.

Kerminen, V-M., and C. Leck, 2001, Sulfur chemistryover the central Arctic Ocean in summer: Gas to particulate transformation, J. Geophys. Res., 106 (D23), 32,087-32,099.

Leck, C., and E.K. Bigg, 1999, Aerosol production overremote marine areas - A new route, Geophys.Res. Lett., 23, 3577-3581.

Leck, C., E.D. Nilsson, K.Bigg, and L. Bäcklin, 2001, The Atmospheric program on the Arctic OceanExpedition in the summer of 1996 (AOE-96) - A Technical Overview- Outline ofexperimental approach, instruments, scientific objectives, J. Geophys. Res., 106(D23), 32,051-32,067.

Leck, C., M. Norman, E.K. Bigg, and R. Hillamo,2002, Chemical composition and sources of the high Arctic aerosol relevant forfog and cloud formation, J. Geophys.Res., 10, dio:10.1029/2001JD001463.

Lohmann, U., and C. Leck, 2005, Importance of submicronesurface active organic aerosols for pristine Arctic Clouds, Tellus 57B, 261-268.

Nilsson, E.D., and S. Barr, 2001, Effects of Synoptic Patterns on Atmospheric Chemistryand Aerosols during the Arctic Ocean Expedition 1996, J. Geophys. Res., 106 (D23), 32,069-32,086.

Nilsson, E.D., and Ü. Rannik, 2001, Turbulent Aerosol Fluxes over the Arctic Ocean, part 1,dry deposition over sea and pack ice, J. Geophys. Res., 106 (D23), 32,125-32,138.

Nilsson, E.D., Ü. Rannik, E. Swietlicki, C. Leck, P.P.Aalto, M. Norman, and J. Zhou, 2001, Turbulent aerosol number fluxes during the Arctic Ocean Expedition 1996, part II: a wind driven source of sub micrometeraerosol particles from the sea, J.Geophys. Res., 106 (D23), 32,139-32,154.

Zhou, J., E. Swietlicki, O.H. Berg, P.P. Aalto, E.D. Nilsson, and C. Leck, 2001, Hygroscopic properties ofaerosol particles during summer over the Arctic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 106(D23), 32,111-32,123. 

IAOE-91 (International Arctic Ocean Expedition 1991)

Bigg, E. K., Ion induced nucleation around radondaughters in remote Arctic maritime air, Tellus,48B, 322-328, 1996a.

Bigg, E. K., Ice forming nuclei in the high Arctic,Tellus, 48B, 322-328, 1996b.

Bigg, E. K., C. Leck, and E.D. Nilsson, 1996,Sudden changes in arctic atmospheric aerosol concentrations during summer andautumn. Tellus 48B, 254-271.

Covert D.S., A. Wiedensohler, P.P. Aalto, J.Heintzenberg, P.H. McMurry, and C. Leck, 1996, Aerosol number size distributionsfrom 3 to 500nm diameter in the arctic marine boundary layer during summer andautumn, Tellus 48B, 197-212.

Leck, C., and C. Persson, 1996a, The central ArcticOcean as a source of dimethyl sulfide - Seasonal variability in relation tobiological activity, Tellus 48B, 156-177.

Leck, C., and C. Persson, 1996b, Seasonal andshort-term variability in dimethyl sulfide, sulfur dioxide and biogenic sulfurand sea salt aerosol particles in the arctic marine boundary layer, duringsummer and autumn, Tellus 48B, 272-299.

Leck, C., E.K. Bigg, D.S. Covert, J. Heintzenberg,W. Maenhaut, E.D. Nilsson, and A. Wiedensohler, 1996, Overview of theAtmospheric research program during the International Arctic Ocean Expedition1991 (IAOE-91) and its scientific results, Tellus48B, 136-155.

Maenhaut, W., G. Ducastel, C. Leck, E.D. Nilsson,and J. Heintzenberg, 1996, Multielemental composition and sources of the highArctic atmospheric aerosol during summer and autumn, Tellus 48B, 300-321.

Nilsson, E. D., Planetary boundarylayer structure, transport and weather during the International Arctic OceanExpedition 1991, 1996, Tellus, 48B, 178-196.

Nilsson, E. D., and E. K. Bigg,Influences on formation and dissipation of high arctic fogs during summer andautumn and their interaction with aerosol, 1996, Tellus, 48B, 234-253.

Nilsson, E.D., and C. Leck,2002, A pseudo-Lagrangian study of the arctic remote marine sulfur cycle. Tellus, 54B, 213-230.

Wiedensohler, A., D.S.Covert, E. Swietlicki, P.P. Aalto, J. Heintzenberg, and C. Leck, 1996,Occurrence of an ultrafine particle mode less than 20 nm in diameter in themarine boundary layer during Arctic summer and autumn, Tellus, 48B, 213-222.